• Atif Sitwat Hayat
  • Abdul Haque Khan
  • Ghulam Hussian Baloch
  • Naila Shaikh


Background: Retinopathy is one of the most frequent and serious complication of diabetes mellitusand leading cause of blindness worldwide. The objective of this study was to determine frequencyand pattern of retinopathy in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients at tertiary care settings inAbbottabad. Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional comparative study being conducted atAyub Teaching Hospital and Northern Institute of Medical Sciences Abbottabad. It included 100newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients who were attending diabetic clinics of these tertiary carehospitals. Already diagnosed type 2 patients taking anti-diabetic medication, type 1 diabetes mellitus,hypertension, retinal vasculitis, retinal vessel occlusion, and sickle cell retinopathy were excluded.After pupillary dilatation, detailed fundoscopic examination was carried out via directophthalmoscopy and further confirmed by an ophthalmologist. According to fundoscopic findings,retinopathy was graded into background, pre-proliferative and proliferative types. Results: Total 100patients were included, with mean age 45.1±3.2 years, 60% of them were females. Overall, 17% oftype 2 diabetic patients had retinopathy within one month of diagnosis. Background retinopathy waspredominant (12%) followed by pre-proliferative (4%) and proliferative (1%) lesions. Conclusion:Frequency of retinopathy in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients seems to be higher thanprevious reports and background lesions were predominant. Detailed fundoscopic examination of allnewly type 2 diabetic patients at the time of diagnosis is of paramount importance.Keywords: Frequency, type 2 diabetes mellitus, retinopathy, fundoscopic examination


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